Spiritual Science Review
Bruno Abrami & Mark Willan / http://space.tin.it/scienza/babrami
0 Issue 1 December 1999
I, the undersigned, Mark
Nazzari di Calabiana WILLAN, translator of these texts into English do hereby
certify that the translation I have made is a true and faithful rendition of
the content of the orginal texts.
I am further in a position to
assure the reader, that whilst I have not drafted these texts myself, that
every word they contain has been borne out in actual fact in the course of my
life, over the last twenty-five yeasr of personal research into the spirit
During that time, I have been
in contact with Bruno Abrami, despite thousands of miles of distance, and have
been able to indepednantly verify the accuracy of the observations contained
in these texts.
This has been carried out both
on my own, and with other groups of individuals with whom I have co-operated
mainly in England, France, and Italy, and irregularly with others in Germany,
Switzerland and Russia.
For thirty years the author
has trodden several paths of spirit knowledge which are accessible to our
culture, or at least all those in which he has been able to note a certain
affinity with his won being. He has additionally monitored similar research
carried out by friends and acquaintances trying constantly to understand and
find the general rules that were demonstrated in experience. This position
which initially was very "homely" gradually developed into a truly
scientific method applied to the research into spirit realities.
He owes much to those who have
been along this path before him, who have indicated it and prepared it before
him. To these Masters of thinking and the spirit, with whom he is currently in
relations of friendship and co-operation goes all his gratitude, love and
Mimma Benvenuti, a Roman, and
powerful indicator of the impersonality of the Higher I and of its infinite
potential for love and to make fertile - in freedom - other people’s spirit
Giovanni Blason, from Trieste,
an impassioned propounder of Spiritual Science and inexhaustible fighter
against its deformation or deviations. A painter- seer and friend ever ready
to give, support and encourage.
Massimo Scaligero, a Roman,
and codifier of the method of the path of thinking, inexhaustible indicator of
the potential for spiritual development which lies in the human couple. A
steadfast friend, ever ready to take you by the hand and lead you, at the
times of deep crisis of existence, in those Spirit Lands where, as Homer sang:
Winds never shake
Rudolf Steiner, an Austrian,
the Initiator. Founder of Spirit Science, luminous joiner of the wisdom of the
east and West. A person who by his presence alone, in non-time, shows you your
state as "fallen" man, your original dimensions and the real
possibility - if you only want to and are prepared to apply yourself - of your
The writer of these lines also
owes a great deal to other friends he has not listed, but by whom he has been
helped, has learned virtues unknown to him, and has received countless hints
Spiritual science applied the
methods of experimental sciences to the spheres of the elements, of the soul
and of spiritual existence and to that of the human I, with the single
difference that the tool for investigations is man itself. How this is
possible and using what disciplines, will be the subject both of the articles
that we shall publish from time to time, and of the bibliography, which we
will point to in due course.
For the time being, it should
be enough to mention the fact that, in the author’s experience, the results
of spiritual science are such that they configure themselves to form the
conquest of those goals to which, in the depths of their being, every man and
woman aspire if they are modern enough to see their inner freedom as their
most precious asset.
Spiritual science is not a
religion, nor should it be thought of as something which wants to replace
religions, but it can nevertheless offer religious men and women the
components for living the contents of their respective religions more
consciously and to greater effect.
The contents and results of
spiritual science have practical value, and refer to the relationships which
the human I can have with itself and with the physical, elementary, soul and
spiritual spheres of existence. They can be achieved - only - through
individual inner work. Inner strength, clarity and great courage are required.
Strength, because a large part
of what lives in us is opposed to the birth of our self: a struggle is
necessary from the very first steps, and it is an inner war.
Clarity, because we always
need to be able to distinguish between those thoughts which have objective
scientific foundation and those which are suggested by our pride, by our
passivity, by our will to delude ourselves and by our fear.
Courage, because in the stages
where we realise the contents of spiritual science we meet beings which we
believed belonged to the realms of mythology or the popular imagination, but
which in spiritual realms, where the human I becomes aware of itself and wants
to guide itself in accordance with its own outer being, these are indeed real
and powerful in their challenging the human I for the mastery of itself and
for the right to guide the outer being.
In these pages the writer has
no intention of starting controversy with anyone who believes that it simple
madness or the greatest non-science to consider the spiritual as a component
of reality, nor does he wish to challenge various interpretations of the
spiritual. Anyone who is convinced of something and wishes to maintain any
conviction does so for reasons which have nothing scientific about them,
whether they be psychological or a matter of character, and by doing so places
him or her self outside the field of free experimentation. Free
experimentation is the pre-condition for every scientific conquest.
From these pages, the author
shall turn to those persons, who, having experienced the inanity of sciences
and doctrines when faced with the issue of the human I, that is of what they
are in their own deeper nature, wish to try another path in complete honesty
and sincerity, based only on themselves, without conceding or challenging the
modes or models which do not derive from the clear and autonomous elaboration
of self- or world-experience made in complete awareness.
Wolfgang v. Goethe. From "Knowledge of Nature". Experiment as
the Relation between Subject and Object.
Rudolf Steiner. The Philosophy of Freedom (aka the Philosophy of
Massimo Scaligero. Logic Versus Man
Massimo Scaligero. Techniques of Inner Concentration
Rudolf Steiner. Initiation (aka Knowledge of Higher Worlds and How to
Rudolf Steiner. Occult Science
We continuously live in the
super-sensible, since it is in this world which we, unconsciously, have our
highest value. We do not know this because we do not have a culture that is
able to give a correct name to the things we experience. The author refers
anyone who wants a historical and phenomenology treatment of this subject - to
the works by R. Steiner and M. Scaligero in which this topic can be found
dealt with under various points of view. The author believes it is pointless
to repeat what others have already said.
There are some very simple
observations, which anyone can make for themselves, and which lead to the
start of the path of knowledge which leads one to stating what has just been
said. The most simple and repeatable ones start with the observation of our
life of thought.
Experiment N°1.- Sit down
comfortably and evoke before your inner vision the image of something very
heavy; for example a car or a hammer. Already by placing ourselves in this
position we can make the most elementary observations: one can ask oneself
what is the nature of the object - the image which we are observing and what
is the organ of perception we are using to see it.
The following observations can
be made about the nature of the object:
It has a sensory - material aspect and form, but:
It is not subject to gravity, it does not fall unless we imagine it
falling; it is only subject to the force of our will and imagination, which
can besides change its form and colour;
It is not subject to the laws of non-penetrability of bodies: we can
easily imagine two cars, one within the other, or two hammers which occupy the
same volume in space.
Conclusion: the object
observed is not made of molecules and atoms; it presents itself unmistakably
as something with a sensory - material appearance but it does not belong to
the dominion of matter.
On the nature of the organ of
perception, the following observations can be made:
That it is as obvious an organ of perception to our self-perception (animadversio)
as it is unknown to the natural sciences,
Its location corresponds to the pituitary gland, between the eyebrows
and the centre of the head,
It is an organ of perception that has to take part in the production of
what it sees.
Natural sciences only exist
thanks to this organ of perception. Without this organ, they could not exist,
simply because without this organ we would not be able to see thinking
Conclusions: we have available
to us an inner organ which is not catalogued by the natural sciences as such,
which organ is able to see realities which demonstrate no material nature.
In order to find a name for
this kind of organ we have to go far back in the history of humanity up to the
Veda culture and to Yoga. In those cultures in addition to the sense organs
turned towards the material world, organs turned towards the spirit realities
These organs were called
"chakram" or "lotus flowers" and in this specific
location, the presence of a chakra called " ajña chakra" or -
surprise, surprise - the knowledge chakra. Such chakram or super-sensible
organs of perception were not acknowledged as being immediately usable for
spiritual work, but special disciplines had to be undergone with the intention
of making them active.
It should be said, that by
quoting this, the author has no intention of referring to those practises or
to those paths of knowledge, but simply to point out that the knowledge of the
existence of organs of perception which add to the experience of life supplied
by the physical senses alone forms part of the cultural heritage of mankind.
The soul -spirit constitution
of modern Western man is fundamentally different from that of Vedic man. So
different that the practise of those disciplines offers, for the
psychophysical balance of modern Western man, more contra-indications and
dangers than advantages.
It should further be said that
what we experience in experiment N°1 is not immediately recognisable as the
ajña chakra but should rather be seen as a king of ante-chamber to it. If you
wish to develop the ajña chakra, in a way that is free from danger and
suitable for modern man, you will find the required indications in the book
"Initiation" by R. Steiner which has already been referred to at the
end of the first article.
We picture the world to
ourselves in thoughts, and the thoughts we think are the form of our conscious
actions, but we are not the masters of our world of thought. In order to
develop the ability to enter consciously into the higher worlds of existence,
and therefore to be able to observe them, we must first of all become the
masters of our own thinking.
We are not masters of our own
world of thinking if we have a relationship of dependence with that world of
thinking, or if we prefer one explanation of things to another. Scientific
education teaches us to look for, in each phenomenon observed, that
explanation which best fits the facts, whether we like it or not. Whoever is
not disposed to discipline thinking in this way will go up against grave
dangers when starting any path of spiritual self-realisation.
In our relations with the
physically perceptible world we are helped by the nature of those facts
themselves: we cannot by our will, influence the fall of an object by making
it, for example "fall" upwards; or make a car go without fuel. The
physically perceptible world educates our thinking based on rigour and
impersonality, into a thinking that develops based on the contents of things
and not based on our desires, hopes and fears.
This help disappears, as soon
as we shift our field of observation from the physically perceptible world to
our inner world. In some way the "objects" of our inner nature
present themselves woven into thoughts in which the cohesive logic of those
contents (the I of those thoughts) is in fact our desires, our hopes and our
The problem arises from the
fact that the organs we use for observing our inner world are not only organs
of perception but also of volition and that before we can use them for
spiritual research we must become aware of the will component of those organs
and subject it to the discipline of impersonality.
In order to start a spirit
discipline which takes us without danger for our soul and with full awareness
and consciousness into the dominions of the soul and spirit, it is necessary
at first and for a long time to observe our thinking, treating them like
objects in space, distinguishing in ourselves those thoughts which are the
expression of our subjectivity from those which on the other hand we
acknowledge to be the expression of a reality independent of ourselves.
The fact that we usually live
painfully those realities which manifest as independent of our desires, fears
and hopes clearly indicates where the large obstacle lies which is to be
overcome by anyone who wants to start on the path of spiritual science: it is
necessary to develop the power to eliminate oneself in the moments of
knowledge. This does not mean that one should no longer enjoy life, but that
in the moments where spirit knowledge is formed, one must be able to
"switch off" one’s own psychological nature and become a pure
organ of perception.
The very attitude alone of
becoming the observers of one’s own world of thinking can lead far, but in
order to be able to world as an instrument of development, it must be backed
up by a precise moral attitude: that of truly wanting to sacrifice oneself, or
better our own psychological nature, choosing to bring into the world as
action only those thoughts which belong to the world’s objective reality.
One must give up acting on the basis of thoughts, which have been shown to
originate in our desires, hopes and fears. This attitude is a very fertile
ground for the process of self-knowledge a (cognitio sui ipsius) which makes
up the load-bearing structure for our progress towards a real and conscious
experience of spirituality.
The scientific conception of
the world that arises from the thinking activity of the human spirit, does not
know anything about the engine of its existence: thinking. It does not know
what it comes from and like a kind of Oedipus it wants to kill its father -
thinking - by assigning to it a "non existence" connected with the
secretion of - supposed - appropriate cells. And if Oedipus punished himself
by depriving himself of sight, materialist-scientific thinking by denying its
own pre-cerebral reality blinds itself to spirit reality.
However, thinking also exists
when, not knowing anything about itself, it denies its own existence. Indeed,
it lives in the very act of making the denial of its own moment of reality
true. The technique of thinking concentration wants to take the human subject
to experience the objective reality of thinking outside the physical organism
within which it is naturally experienced, and beyond the concepts and ideas
through which thinking expresses itself.
The experience that arises
from the mastery of the process of concentration leads to acknowledging the
full evidence of the nature of inanimate reflection in the thought that we use
normally to assign meaning to the world. The technique of concentration,
suitable for modern man, has been codified by Massimo Scaligero (see
"Logic Versus Man" or "Techniques of Inner Concentration"
referred to at the start). It consists of placing before one’s own conscious
attention a thought image relating to a very simple man-made product (like a
match, a pin, a button, etc.), describing accurately to oneself the appearance
and use of the object until on produces a kind of summary image of the object.
Once we have achieved a
summary image we must keep it before our attention for at least five minutes,
taking care to see nothing but it. An interruption of attention, when for
example we remember we have to pay a bill, or when the good-looking boy or
girl we saw at the bus stop comes into our mind; it makes the exercise
The exercise of concentration
has several goals that can be realised gradually, even if the sequence of
realisations does not necessarily have to follow the order indicated in
summary from below:
The first is developing the inner force needed to keep our attention
still on what we have chosen,
The second is arriving at the conscious perception of concepts, that is
of concepts as objects experienced,
The third is arriving at the experience - perception of the power from
which the links between concepts and pure thinking arise,
The fourth is achieving the experience of living thought or the thought
which grasps itself before any determination, and which has within itself the
power of its own actuation.
Repeating the fact that the
above is only a rough outline, one can nevertheless say that the realisation
of each of the stages stated corresponds to a precise transformation of the
experience which we ourselves have in our own inner world. Such
transformations are allowed for in spiritual science and are identical for
everyone who follows this path.
Concentration is important
because if its process is not mastered at least as far as sense-free thinking,
there can be no meditation that works, or better there is no meditation which
can be carried out without danger for one’s own inner balance. Not having
liberated thinking available, no matter what meditation it is, it will be, in
the best of cases, a pure waste of time.
In the worst cases, that is
when meditation gives "results", in the sense that in its course
changes are experienced in the normal soul - spiritual position, we will then
witness, outside the meditation, the breakdown of the personal balance due to
the appearance of obsessive forms, uncontrollable feelings of fear, and a
disproportionate dynamisation of feelings and instincts.
These pathological alterations
may appear also in subjects who have never practised any inner techniques
during the current life. In these cases they can be seen as the result of the
gradual development of the power of the human I. This development of the power
of the human I has been foreseen by spiritual science, and has been brought
about by natural spiritual development guided by Spiritual hierarchies.
Healing comes by finding the autonomous power of the I with respect to the
psychophysical body, which is the end result of the technique of
The human I is a spirit being
and it lives in a spiritual world, even if it does not know it. The birth of
its power corresponds to the possibility of unconsciously perceiving spiritual
realities (which can be helpful or hindering) which spirit realities have the
feature of being alive. The I experiences within itself something which it
does not know how to think, and much less master (reflected thought is
impotent even when faced with simple manifestations of character) and
identifies with it and makes itself act. Healing goes through the human I
becoming the actor in accordance with itself… but precisely here the work of
concentration and meditation are required.
Once the process of
concentration has been mastered the path of meditation can be undertaken. By
this I do not wish to say that before then some meditational approach should
not be attempted, but at least in the initial stage, the concentration -
meditation ratio should be about 7 to 1.
In its most common use
meditating is the soul-spiritual equivalent of living in the physical world:
one is born, one dies, one meets, one loves, one reproduces, one learns, one
works, one works, one invents, one earns and loses, one has fun and one
despairs. Whoever meditates has a twin citizenship: he lives in the physical
world, in the way of the physical world, and at the same time he lives in a
soul-spirit world, in the ways of such worlds.
One can begin to become
familiar with meditation, by taking a motto, or a phrase from one of the great
teachers of humanity and concentrating on it by excluding all else from
one’s own conscious attention: sense perceptions, memories, thoughts, etc.
Like what you do when you try and understand any law of geometry or the
development of a mathematical content, with the sole difference that in the
second case thoughts are sought out which have a descriptive-quantitative
function for what is experienced in the physically perceptible world, and in
the former on the other hand ideas taken from the expression or observation of
the super-sensible worlds are dealt with.
Let us take for example, the
following sentence from Laertius Diogenes:
The boundaries of
your soul, on your travels,
This should be learnt by
heart, and then one should sit down comfortably, and try and exclude sense
interference as much as possible, and it should be pronounced, out loud or
inwardly, as best you think, allowing it to echo through our inner world,
evoked from the living wording as intensely and for as long as possible. The
extract can be repeated several times.
The living content of the
phrase is what is immediately felt, or better, this is so, on condition that
one has sense-free thinking available or some karmic qualifications. A person
who has not developed the faculty of sense-free thinking and who lacks the
karmic qualifications on meditating this sentence could feel a great unease,
or even outright fear, so much so as to say to him or her-self: "I really
do not want to face a path which leads I know not where, and I prefer to
remain amongst things I know, within the world I see with the senses".
And with this a promising spiritual career (promising because the subject is
indeed able to perceive spiritual reality) is cut short at birth for the lack
of tools (liberated thinking).
When we speak of the
"threshold of the spirit world" we are indicating a place which is
not present within space, but which is instead present in the inner world of
every man and every woman. It is a place unknown and unexperienced by the
sense-bound intellect, but which is nevertheless real. We find ourselves
before a kind of darkness which some may feel is alive with disturbing
presences, and driven by the fear of those presences her or she may state that
that world does not exist, but it is fear alone that speaks.
In order to consciously pas
over the threshold we must be masters of the technique of sense-free thinking.
It is precisely in that place that the degree of liberation actually realised
in thought can be verified: a thinking which is conscious of itself, which
keeps all its power to understand even when faced with objects of perception
which have never before been encountered.
However, even in this way the
experience is not exactly free of pain because this is a living process in
which all our being is drawn in, that is to say our real being. Before the
sense world we can put on show what we seem to be, or what we want our being
to appear to be, even in good faith, through the lack of knowledge of
ourselves, and at worst we run the risk of derision or humiliation. Faced with
the threshold the first spirit perception we have is of our own real being: it
is never a pleasant event.
This painful experience is
nevertheless necessary because it tells us: "look you do not have
suitable tools", it shows us what we have to change in ourselves before
we can access the knowledge of higher worlds.
If we search out in our Western culture a reference to an event of this kind, we find it in Dante’s Divine Comedy, where he describes an other-worldly journey as a true Bard - Poet: he who sings of the invisible:
In the midst of the path
of our life
As Dr Steiner was the first to
point out, ancient writers, who belonged to ages before the coming of the
conscious soul, in their accounts passed "inavvertita altera parte"
(unawares to the other side), from the sense world to the soul-spiritual
world, because their inner constitution was such that they could not clearly
distinguish between the two spheres. Naturally Dante speaks an imaginative,
non-conceptual language which was furthermore common in the literature of the
time. In the cycle dealing with the search for the Holy Grail, we find just
this very language. With a certain frequency it is told that a certain knight
is found during the quest without any way out: before an impenetrable forest,
with a lake on one side, and a mountain on the other:
The impenetrable forest is an
image for the situation with no way out in which the soul or the personal
psyche if you prefer (the lower astral according to spiritual science)
struggles, the lake is the symbol of the sea of life (the etheric / elementary
world according to spiritual science) by which one is carried away or
overcome; the mountain is the symbol of the spirit world, which is
"seen", of whose presence one has obscure inklings, but which one
doesn’t know how to climb.
The dark wood is therefore the poetic image of a real inner situation in which the soul feels it has no way out, a painful experience for the soul:
Oh how to say how hard a
thing it was
So bitter it was
that death is little more
Nevertheless what uproots the weak, is food for knowledge for the strong, and he observes his inner world without letting himself fall into despair whilst trying to understand. We come into life unawares, and we live unaware for a long time, asleep to the contents of reality. It seems to us that we are awake, because we give credence to what we think. We have built for ourselves, in our subjective thinking a tailor-made dream:
I don’t know how
to tell how I came there
But when Isis sounds the sistrum… then there is re-awakening, and suddenly our dream dissolves, and facts force us to acknowledge that we have been asleep: pain is the reality our dream was keeping us away from. However looking into the pain sincerely, without trying to run from it, we can see its power, we can have an inkling that behind that power is a greater power which speaks to us with inner language and says to us: "You were dreaming…the time has come to wake up": this is the language of the spirit world:
But since I had arrived
at the foot of a hill
I looked up and saw
Something in us has the
inkling that in that direction - the spirit world - there comes a light which
can illuminate earthly life, that once we have become familiar with that light
we can "go straight through every valley" in every place in life.
This can calm us, give us perspective where before there was only anguish and