In a zone rich in finds of the Etruscan civilization
that daily comes to the light, in front of the medieval suburb with his
Romanesque Parish of the XII century, the Villa Medicea of Artimino rises.
The surrounding territory does it departs of that that
was "Bandita Medicea" that from the necks of Signa it came thin
in Val di Nievole, near Mountain Vettolini. It was Cosimo I to purchase
within the 1546 grounds in the zone of Artimino, doing, subsequently,
to fence in the territory from a circuit of boundaries along 32 miles
and constituting, so, the «Barco Reale».
After the death of Cosimo I (1574) and of Francesco I
(1587), the estate passed to the Granduca Ferdinando who wanted to add
to the great "medicee"villas that adorned the Tuscan hills from
Florence up to Pisa, the jewel of Artimino.
The Villa of Artimino was initiated December 16th 1596
and ended in 1600.
The construction was commissioned to the Buontalenti
and remembers, in the great massive structure of volumes and with its
strong angular tower-bastions, a field of particular specialization really
of the great architect Florentine.
The synthetic taste of the volumes clearly defined extends
at times also him inside the villa with its saloons and the succession
of the rooms with ceiling at times or to beam. Few you sprout him decorative
fixed, what the frescos of the loggia, of the Chapel, the backgrounds
of the real apartments, of the «bath», and the series of 14 fanlights
which represent the most greater villas medicee (fanlights, today, to
the Florentine Topographical Historical Museum) work of Giusto d’ Utens
( † 1609 ).
The decoration of the Loggia is work of the Passignano
(Domenico Cresti - 1588 ca. - 1638) that it painted in August-September
of 1599, as well as the backgrounds in the Saloon of the Villas and in
the apartments adjacent to west. Also the Chapel, except the fresco of
the altar attributed to the Nasini, it seems to be of the Passignano.
The so says «shelter of the poggiolo», it is, it seems, work of the Poccetti
(1548-1612), great decorator to grotesque.