To draw an outline of the egyptian history in few pages is a very hard challenge. Not only because- from the Predynastic to the Roman period- more than five thousand years of history are involved, but also for the very different character of the cultures that flourished on this territory .
But first we must advise the readers that the apparent uniformity of the dynastic culture is only a kind of myth.
Just on a mythical level it was conceived by the ancient priests of the Old Kingdom that the world obeyed to the laws of Maat, conceptualization of the archetipal, balanced and rightful order of the world of the living and of the dead at the time of the Golden age of their ancestors. But the reality was a far more etherogeneous one.