To draw an outline of the egyptian history in few pages is a very hard
challenge. Not only because- from the Predynastic to the Roman period-
more than five thousand years of history are involved, but also for the
very different character of the cultures that flourished on this territory
But first we must advise the readers that the apparent uniformity of
the dynastic culture is only a kind of myth.
Just on a mythical level it was conceived by the ancient priests of
the Old Kingdom that the world obeyed to the laws of Maat, conceptualization
of the archetipal, balanced and rightful order of the world of the living
and of the dead at the time of the Golden age of their ancestors. But the
reality was a far more etherogeneous one.