Il carlino e i grandi autori della letteratura

 

LOUISA MAY ALCOTT (1832 - 1888) : "Rose in bloom"

"  ... I advised her to adopt one ( orphan ) and wondered  why young ladies didn't do that sort of thing, instead of cuddling cats and lapdogs."

"Unhappy boy! Her pug is the idol of her life..."

"Imagine Emma trotting round with a pauper baby under her arm instead  of her cherised Toto"

H.C. ANDERSEN (1805-1875) :  "Histoires" - Deuxième recueil - ' Crève-coeur '  (trad. francese)

Alors arriva de la bourgade la plus proche une dame, elle avait amené un carlin et venait pour,disait-elle, que l'on prit des "actions" sur sa tannerie. (...) Elle avait posé le carlin par terre tout en écrivant ,et il grognait. C'est qu'on l'avait amené pour son plaisir et sa santé,et donc, il n'y a pas à le poser par terre. Il avait un museau épaté et un dos comme un porc.

"Il ne mord pas,dit la dame,il n'a pas de dents! C'est un membre de la famille, pour ainsi dire, fidèle et hargneux, mais cela vient de ce que mes petits-enfants l'agacent. Ils jouent à la noce, et ils veulent qu'il fasse la demoiselle d'honneur,ça le fatigue, le pauvre vieux!"...

Et elle rangea ses papiers et prit son chien sur le bras.

JANE AUSTEN (1775-1817) : Mansfield Park                                                                                                                                                                                  

Il personaggio Lady Bertram  , dama alla moda , passa il suo tempo preoccupandosi più del suo carlino che dei famigliari. Ecco come reagisce quando il marito e sua sorella decidono di accogliere Fanny, una giovane nipote indigente:

"...It will be an education for the child said I,only being with her cousins; ...she would learn to be good and clever from them. "

"I hope she will not tease my poor pug," said Lady Bertram; "I have but just got Julia to leave it alone."     (Vol. I,  ch. I)

Quando la ragazzina giunge a Mansfield Park:

"...in vain did Lady Bertram smile and make her sit on the sofa with herself and pug, and vain was even the sight of a gooseberry tart towards giving her comfort;"...

"She was a woman (Lady Bertam)  who spent her days in sitting nicely dressed on a sofa, doing some long piece of needlework, of little use and no beauty, thinking more of her pug than her children".      (Vol. I, ch. II)

In un giorno molto caldo Fanny soffre di mal di testa dopo aver raccolto delle rose per le zie in giardino :

'I am afraid it was,indeed,'said the more candid Lady Bertram, who had overheard her,'I am very much afraid she caught the headache there, for the heat was enough to kill anybody.It was as much as I could bear myself. Sitting and calling to Pug, and trying to keep him from the flower-beds,was almost too much for me.'   (Vol. I, ch. VII)

I giovani membri della famiglia si recano in visita a Sotherton:

...and the carriage drove off amid the good wishes of the two remaining ladies, and the barking of pug in his mistress's arms.  (Vol. I, ch. VIII)

Il marito di Lady Bertram torna a casa dopo lunghi mesi passati a curare i suoi affari in una colonia molto lontana dall'Inghilterra :

By not one of the circle was he listened to with such unbroken unalloyed enjoyment as by his wife,who was really extremely happy to see him ...She had been almost fluttered for a few minutes, and still remained so sensibly animated as to put away her work, move Pug from her side, and give all her attention and all the rest of her sofa to her husband.   (Vol II, ch. I)

Lady Bertram è soddisfatta quando Fanny viene corteggiata da un ottimo partito:

...And still pursuing the same cheerful thoughts, she soon afterwards added, -'And I will tell you what, Fanny-which is more than I did for Maria (Sua figlia) - the next time pug has a litter you shall have a puppy.'  

(Vol III, ch.II)

HONORE  DE  BALZAC (1799-1850) : "Le curé de Tours" (da La Comédie humaine)

Troubert était pur elle une sorte de créature intermédiaire entre les individus de l' espèce humaine et ceux de l' espèce canine; il se trouvait classé dans son coeur immédiatement avant la place destinée aux amis et celle occupée par un gros carlin poussif qu' elle aimait tendrement (...)

Il n' osait regarder ni la figure aride de Troubert, ni le visage menacant de la vieille fille, et se tourna par contenance vers un gros carlin chargé d' embonpoint, qui, couché sur un coussin près du poêle, n' en bougeait jamais, trouvant toujours à sa gauche un petit plat rempli de friandises, et à sa droite un bol plein d' eau claire.

"Eh bien, mon mignon, lui dit-il, tu attends ton café."

Ce personnage, l' un des plus importants au logis, mais peu genant en ce qu' il n' aboyait plus et laissait la parole à sa maitresse,  leva sur Birotteau ses petits yeux perdus sous les plis formés dans son masque par la graisse, puis il les referma sournoisement.

BALZAC : "Ferragus" ( da La Comédie humaine )

Jules avait pris sa résolution. Il suivit alors la mère d'Ida dans la pièce à feu, où ils furent accompagnés par le petit carlin poussif, personnage muet, qui grimpa sur un vieux tabouret.

BALZAC : "Illusions prdues" ( da La Comédie Humaine )

M. de Bargeton implorait alors l'assistance de son visiteur en mettant à l'ouest son nez de vieux carlin poussif;il vous regardait de ses gros yeux vairons d'une façon qui signifiait : Vous dites?

 LEWIS CARROLL (1832-1898) : "Sylvie and Bruno"   ( ch.23 )

I was passing a pretty little villa, which stood rather back from the road,in its own grounds, with bright flowers-beds in front -- creepers wandering over the walls and hanging in festoons about the bow-windows -- an easy-chair forgotten on the lawn, with a newspaper lying near it -- a small pug-dog 'couchant' before it, resolved to guard the treasure even at sacrifice of life -- and a front-door standing invitingly half-open.

...

The pug-dog sat up, as precautionary measure, as I passed; but, as I took no notice of the treasure he was guarding, he let me go by without even one remonstrant bark.'He that takes my life,' he seemed to be saying, wheezly , to himself,' takes trash : But he that takes the Daily Telegraph--!' But this awful contingency I did not face.

SUSANNA CLARKE : " Jonatan Strange and Mr Norrell " ( ch.37 The Cinque Dragownes )

... A fashionable Lady was walking in the street leading a fluffy little dog upon a leash. She was met by some of her acquaintance who began exclaiming over her dog :"La! Mrs  Foulkes,what a sweet little pug !" " Yes," replied Mrs Foulkes , "it is Mr Foulkes . I paid Mr Strange and Mr Norrell fifty guineas to make my husband obedient to my every desire and this is the result." 

ALEXANDRE DUMAS (1802-1870) : "Joseph Balsamo"

Mme du Barry , la favorita di Louis XV possiede il negretto  Zamore  che ha nominato governatore del suo palazzo.  Dumas lo fa descrivere da una anziana dama maligna :

" ...petite horreur dont on vend les portraits sur le Pont-Neuf et qui ressamble à un carlin habillé." ( ch.XXX )

Mme Du Barry discute con la cameriera Sylvie sulla presenza a Parigi  di Gilbert, campagnolo con velleità intellettuali :

"- Que peut-il faire ici sans argent?

 - Des commissions.

 - Lui! un philosophe de cette espèce sauvage? Allons donc!

 - Il aura trouvé, dit Sylvie, quelque vieille dévote, sa parente, qui lui abandonne les croutes trop vieilles pour son carlin.  ( ch.LXII )

F.SCOTT FITZGERALD ( 1896-1940) :" This side of Paradise "  ( ch. The Débutante )

ALEC  :   Why, you cold-blooded little kitty . It's lucky for some that the Lord gave you a pug nose.  

CHARLES FOURIER (1772-1837) : "Tableau analytique du cocuage"

N°48        Cocu porte-quenouille est celui qui veille aux soins du ménage pendant que la dame va se divertir. Il se charge des travaux réservés aux femmes,fait accueil et politesse aux chevaliers qui viennent prendre madame, et dispose tout en son absence pour lui rendre le ménage agréable au retour. Est-il à la promenade avec madame? Elle marche en avant avec le galant, et il suit en portant le ridicule sur un bras et le carlin de l'autre...

HENRY JAMES (1843-1916) : " The American " ( Ch. XXV)

...dropping his eyes, he perceived a small pug-dog squatted upon the path near his feet- a diminutive  but very perfect specimen of his interesting species. The pug  was sniffing at the fashionable world, as it passed him, with his little black muzzle, and was kept from extending his investigation by a large blue ribbon attached to his collar with an enormous rosette, and held in the hand of a person seated next to Newman.

...Newman looked at the pug and the lace mantlla, and then met the old man's eyes again.

...At this M.Nioche decided to change his attitude.He stooped and picked up the pug, lifted it to his face and wiped his eyes on its little soft back."I'm afraid to speak to you," he presently said looking over the puppy's shoulder.   

VICTOR  KLEMPERER (1881-1960 ) : " Testimoniare fino all'ultimo" ( ed italiana a cura di Anna Ruchat e Paola Quadrelli)

  Un'altra volta la signora Steiner ha detto,sebbene si fosse già dichiarata democratica:"Lei non crede che il liberalismo sia alla radice di tutti i mali?". Io le ho raccontato della mia teoria del "mops"*( basta allevarlo e torna di moda).

* in tedesco mops = carlino

THOMAS MANN (1875-1955) :"Le Docteur Faustus"  (trad. francese di Louise Servicen )

Cette femme fardée, mais point dévergondée, et d'ailleurs trop sotte pour l'être, d'une insolence altière et démente, se montrait toujors escortée de carlins carapaçonneés de satin.

...

Mon Dieu! ce petit Schwerdtfeger! Au fond, il avait un peu du carlin dans les traits de son visage.

FRANK NORRIS ( 1870 - 1902 ) : " McTeague " (1899 )

The other ornaments were a small marble-topped center table covered with back numbers of the American System of dentistry , a stone pug dog sitting before the little stove, and a thermometer. 

...

 The girl looked about the room , noticing the stone pug dog , the rifle manufacturer's calendar,the canary in its little gilt prison

...

He dozed and woke,and walked aimlessly about the dark room (...)stumbling over the stone pug dog that sat in front of the little stove .

...

The whole room took on a different aspect (...) The stone pug dog before the little stove reflected it in his protuding eyes

...

A veritable scene took place between him and his wife before he could bring himself to part with (...) the stone pug dog with goggle eyes.

"Why,"he would cry,"I've had 'em ever since - ever since I began, long before I knew you, Trina. (...) a fellow gave me that stone pug dog .

...

Then at last came the sale.(...)The German  shoemaker on the next block bought the stone pug dog.

EDMOND ROSTAND (1868-1918) :"L'Aiglon" -  Drame en six actes en vers

. . .

              On peut donc traverser le cabinet ovale

              sans que le maréchal du palais vous avale?

Metternich,-reculant sous cette abondance iquiétante de détails précis.-:    

              Le maréchal?...

Flambeau:    Ce dogue , alors ,c'est un carlin?

Metternich:  Mais j'entre...

Flambeau:    Ce palais ,alors c'est un moulin?

J.K.ROWLING  :" Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban"

'Hey, Potter !' shrieked Pansy Parkinson, a Slytherin girl whit a face like a pug.'Potter! The  Dementors are coming, Potter!Woooooooo!'

WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY ( 1811 - 1863 ) : " Vanity fair "

'Rawdon,' said Becky, very late one night, ... ' I must have a sheep-dog'.

'A what?'said Rawdon, looking up from an écarté table.

'A sheep-dog!' said young Lord Southdown. 'My dear Mrs Crawley, what a fancy! Why not have a Danish dog? I know one as big as a camel-leopard (n.d.c: giraffe), by Jove. It would almost pull your brougham. Or a Persian greyhound,eh?(I propose,if you please); or a little pug that would go into one of Lord Steyne's snuff-boxes? There's a man at Bayswater got one with such a nose that you might,- I mark the king and play,- that you might hang your hat on it.'  

ANTHONY TROLLOPE  ( 1815 - 1882 ) : "The Small House At Allington" (1864 )

"I'm sure she has not got a pug-nose like me(...)" dice l'eroina del romanzo Lily Dale

P.G. WODEHOUSE (1881 - 1975 ) : "Very good , Jeeves" (1930)

"Now,just as a suggestion, why not have a dash at a light, breezy article on pet dogs.You've probably noticed that the pug , once so fashionable, has been superseded by the Peke,the giffon,and the Sealyham.Work on that line" 

LEONARD WOOLF (1880 - 1969 ) : "The wise virgins " (1914)

...Hetty laughed a little through her nose. "Except to complain of the pug dog, wich barked at Harry.It frightened him so, poor dear, didn't it?".

CLICCARE QUI PER INFORMAZIONI SUL CARLINO NEL CINEMA

 (La musica che stai ascoltando è "CAROLA" di G. Conterio.)

                                                                                                                                                   

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