ODI - Briefing Paper 5/95 Commodity markets: options for developing countries

  • 1995(5) November The material that follows has been provided by COMMODITY MARKETS: OPTIONS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Over the past two years the prices of many commodities have risen (see Box 2), but the long-term trends in commodity markets have been damaging to the interests of developing countries.
  • . The market continues to signal the desirability of export diversification, and this Briefing Paper considers the options both for stabilising earnings and for diversification.
  • . SSA dependence on commodities has not decreased much and yet revenue from these goods has also plunged as market shares have declined.
  • . For example, natural fibres (cotton and wool) have retained their markets despite competition from synthetics.
  • . In addition, the massive increase in metals exports from the FSR (following the collapse of demand from domestic manufacturers and the running down of large stockpiles) has contributed to over-supply in these markets.
  • . There were major disagreements between producers and consumers on whether floor prices should follow downward market trends.

    Brock Associates: Commodity Marketing and Hedging Advice
  • Saturday, June 17, 2006 to receive your Daily Market Comments and Brock Report online examples of the Brock Report More details about the BROCK MIDSESSION COMMENTS Tuesday, June 06, 2006 NEW RECOMMENDATION FOR CORN HEDGERS Place a stop close only sell stop at $2.73 in December 06 corn futures to hedge 20% of the 2006 crop.
  • . NEW RECOMMENDATION FOR ALL WHEAT MARKETERS Both strict cash marketers and hedgers of wheat should sell another 25% of this years crop in the cash market, taking you to 75% sold.
  • . These markets are having a difficult time hanging onto Fridays strong gains, especially wheat futures.
  • . On the other hand, there is no evidence that the index funds are starting to bail out of their extremely large long positions in corn futures, even though severe weakness in the metals markets has to be making fund managers wonder if the commodity bubble has burst.
  • . The key question from a marketing perspective is how much of this has been factored into prices.
  • . But this is old news and does not erase the fact that more than 2 billion bushels of corn will be left over at the end of the current marketing year.

    Recycling Markets
  • PROGRAMS  »  »  »  Recycling Markets RECYCLING MARKETS, MARKETING AND MARKET DEVELOPMENT The importance of markets and marketing to recycling cannot be overemphasized.
  • . To present a comprehensive review of the business of recycling markets, this is organized into three major parts: markets, marketing, and market development.
  • . Market is a customer (or group of customers) who is willing and able to accept the product or commodity that is being offered.
  • . Recycling markets may be positive or negative.
  • . When the customer pays for the recyclables, it is called a positive market.
  • . When the collector of the recyclables pay the customer to accept them, it is called negative market.
  • . There are three ways to look at recycling markets: activity/service performed, geographic location of market, and type of recyclable being marketed.
  • . We can classify markets by the specific types of recyclables or commodities collected.
  • . Marketing refers to the process of identifying intermediate and end-user markets and making arrangements for those markets to accept recyclables.

    Chapter 9: Input and equipment supply and crop marketing services
  • PURPOSE The purpose of this chapter is to examine the particular features of input, equipment and crop marketing services that need to be considered in deciding what forms of, and approaches to, decentralization may be appropriate.
  • . KEY POINTS In principle it should be possible to decentralize most input and equipment supply and crop marketing services through market liberalization, encouragement of private and voluntary sector organizations and improved efficiency and/or divestment of public sector organizations.
  • . There are several potential sources of market failure in the provision of each of these services that justify some form of government intervention, mainly of a regulatory nature.
  • . The government has a role to play in stimulating the development of non-saleable technologies as a source of competition for saleable technologies Improvements in transport infrastructure can play an important role in mitigating rural market failures.
  • . Regulations governing trade play a vital role in creating a satisfactory enabling framework for input and equipment supply and crop marketing services.


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    Use of Crop Futures and Options by the Nontrader
  • . 217 Fact Sheet #18 George Flaskerud , Extension Crops Economist, North Dakota State University Richard Shane , Extension Economist, Grain Marketing, South Dakota State University.
  • . producers make a number of decisions that are market related.
  • . They may be categorized as financial decisions, production decisions, or marketing decisions.
  • . The marketing decision is complex.
  • . Other alternatives may be to store the crop until some price objective is reached, to establish the price for the growing or stored crop by contracting for later delivery, to fix a favorable basis in a contract (but not the price) until a later time, to fix a favorable futures market price in a contract (but not the basis) until a later time, and to establish minimum or maximum prices in a contract.
  • . This creates an additional set of alternatives, since many of the marketing alternatives available for selling the crop are also available for selling livestock.
  • . The futures and options markets can be used as a guide to evaluate marketing alternatives, since they provide the pricing mechanism on which elevators base forward pricing alternatives. | Pharmaceuticals | Marketing Pharmacogenomics| brands | brand | branding news
  • . Working proactively, researchers try to understand the genetic mechanisms of disease, and the influence of different "genetic backgrounds." Retrospective investigations look at drugs already on the market.
  • . "Retrospective studies try to find the genetic links between the best responders and use these results to help assess which patients would respond best or worst to a drug." While scientists press on with their research (the most advanced pharmacogenomic products are only in early Phase II trials), marketers are puzzling over how to sell these products.
  • . No one really knows how pharmacogenomics will affect the drug market or the manufacturers.
  • . "Some say it's going to micro-segment markets so a drug will only be good for a much smaller number of patients.
  • . Loyalty will be much higher and doctors won't have to chop and change between drugs." Herrling also recognizes that pharmacogenomics will certainly fragment markets, but he remains upbeat.
  • . It becomes apparent that pharmacogenomics, somehow, will change the usual marketing rules.

    Agricultural Marketing - Intro to Futures Market
  • Search: | You are here: Commodity Marketing An Introduction to the Futures Market An Introduction to Futures Markets Origin of Futures Trading Futures trading has a long history, both in the U.
  • . Although dealers found it advantageous to trade what essentially were forward cash contracts in various commodities, they soon found these forward cash contract markets inadequate and formed futures exchanges.
  • . Instead, most traders find it advantageous to settle their futures market obligation by selling the contract (in the case of a contract that was purchased initially) or by buying it back (in the case of a contract that was sold initially).
  • . The trader then completes the actual cash transaction in his or her local cash market.
  • . Standardization also makes it possible for traders anywhere in the world to trade in these markets and know exactly what they are trading.
  • . This is in sharp contrast to the cash forward contract market, in which changes in specifications from one contract to another might cause price changes from one transaction to another.

    AgWeb - Your Spot for Futures Trading, Commodities Info, Ag News, Successful Farming Tips & More
  • . June 17, 2006 | This Site Featured Sections AgWeb Subscriptions advertisement advertisement advertisement Ag Commentary > Ag Commentary Brock Perspective 6/12/2006 advertisement Untitled Document Midwestern weather will be the corn and soybean markets’ main focus the next several weeks.
  • . These two markets have started the week in a positive fashion on predictions that temperatures will climb back to normal or above this week and rain will pretty much stay on the edges of the Corn Belt.
  • . The new corn balance sheet released last Friday morning contains supportive news, but the market’s reaction was no impressive.
  • . USDA dropped their corn ending stocks estimate for the current marketing year to less than 2.2 billion bushels.
  • . Also, thanks mostly to anticipation of continued strong growth in ethanol production, corn carryover should get cut in half during the next marketing year—assuming yields this year are close to the historical trend-line.
  • . The soybean market had the most negative underlying fundamentals going into last Friday and that certainly didn’t change.

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    Law of Demand and Fundamental Analysis of Commodity Markets
  • . Law of Demand and Fundamental Analysis of Commodity Markets The law of demand and it's application to fundamental analysis of commodities rests upon an understanding of consumer behaviour.
  • . The factors which characterize consumer choice, and how individual consumer responses are reflected in the market place are key components of this economic theory.
  • . Understanding what factors have affected demand in the past will help to develop expectations about demand in the future and the impact on market price.
  • . Market demand is the sum of the demands of all individuals within the marketplace.
  • . Market demand will be affected by other variables in addition to price, such as various value added services including handling, packaging, location, quality control, and financing.
  • . It is important for you to understand that a free market economy is driven not by producers but by consumers.
  • . Ultimately the market value for any good or service is determined by its value to the consumer.

    Technical Indicators and Commodities
  • . In some markets, it is more advantageous to use a shorter term moving average, and in others, a longer term average proves to be more useful.
  • . A shorter term moving avenge works best in a sideways trending market, allowing the trader to capture more of the shorter swings.
  • . A longer moving avenge works best in trending markets, allowing the trader to stay with the trend and minimizing the chance of getting caught in short term corrections.
  • . They are used only to help in identifying the underlying trend and as an aid in entering and exiting the market.
  • . This system works best when markets are trending.
  • . During choppy or sideways markets a non trending method such as an oscillator will yield better results.
  • . An oscillator is an extremely useful tool that provides the technical trader with the ability to trade non-trending markets where prices fluctuate in horizontal bands of support and resistance.
  • . The oscillator can also be used to provide the technician with an advance warning of short term market extremes, commonly referred to as overbought and oversold conditions.

    STATPUB Agriculture Commodity Market News
  • Market Intelligencefor the World'sAgriculture IndustrySince 1988 General Specialty Crop | | | | | | | | | | | | | Fresh Fruit and Vegetable market news for Jan 2005 United States Fruit and Vegetable Shipments WASHINGTON - Jan 4/05 - SNS -- Fruit and vegetable shipments and exports were summarized by the USDA today.
  • . or visitors USDA Seeks To Amend Pear Order WASHINGTON - Jan 11/05 - SNS -- The USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service is seeking comments on a recommended decision to amend Marketing Order No.
  • . or visitors USDA Sets Cherry Marketing Order Vote WASHINGTON - Jan 13/05 - SNS -- The USDA will hold a referendum between March 1 and 21 on proposed amendments to the marketing order for sweet cherries grown in Washington State.
  • . or visitors United States Fruit Market Trend Report WASHINGTON - Jan 19/05 - SNS -- The latest weekly fruit market trend report was released by the USDA today.
  • . or visitors United States Vegetable Market Trend Report WASHINGTON - Jan 19/05 - SNS -- The latest weekly vegetable market trend report was released by the USDA today.

    STATPUB Agriculture Commodity Market News
  • Market Intelligencefor the World'sAgriculture IndustrySince 1988 General Specialty Crop | | | | | | | | | | | | | Livestock market news for Mar 2002 Red Meat Output Slips in 2001 WASHINGTON - Mar 1/02 - STAT -- Red meat production in the United States slipped below year the record set in 2000, according to the final USDA slaughter report covering the 2001 calendar year.
  • . or visitors Rising Production Dampens Outlook CANBERRA - Mar 6/02 - STAT -- The outlook for Australia's livestock sector is not good on account of expectations production will continue rising across the 2002-03 marketing campaign.


    Peanut Producers' Perceptions and Attitudes toward Alternative Marketing Institutions

  • The Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences The University of Georgia Research Report Number 679 February, 2002 Peanut Producers' Perceptions and Attitudes Toward Alternative Marketing Institutions Samuel J.
  • . This especially holds true for the first buyer ( i.e., shellers) market.
  • . Currently, two firms control more than 80 percent of the peanut shelling market in Georgia.
  • . This increased concentration, combined with adverse weather effects, has resulted in increased market volatility for Georgia peanut farmers.
  • . Even though prices they receive for other commodities have been low for the past few years, farmers have utilized futures markets to decrease the risk of large price fluctuations.
  • . Currently, there is no futures market for peanuts.
  • . Peanut producers also do not have the federal marketing orders or multiple forward contracting options available to producers of other selected commodities.
  • . Self-insuring involves a producer taking on all the marketing risks and can involve a great deal of financial uncertainty, while forward contracting is limited to a highly concentrated first buyer market.

    Policy Synthesis Number 5
  • . In much of Africa, these goals have been historically pursued through controlled marketing systems in which food prices could be artificially raised for producers and lowered for consumers through subsidies.
  • . However, this practice became fiscally unsustainable in many countries, and has recently led to food market reform in over 20 African countries.
  • . Food market reform in Eastern and Southern Africa has been particularly slow.
  • . Serious concerns have been raised over the effects of market reform and the elimination of food subsidies, particularly on the ability of low-income consumers to maintain access to maize meal, the dominant staple in the region.
  • . There has been a widespread perception that urban consumers strongly preferred the highly refined maize meal distributed and often subsidized through the official marketing channel in contrast to less expensive whole maize meal, produced by small-scale hammer mills through the often illegal informal marketing systems.

    Great Lakes Trading - futures and options financial and commodities consulting brokerage
  • . of Energy weekly statistics Softs : & New to the Futures & Options markets? initial market primer from the & trading Financial Book Stores University Resources Agricultural Marketing & Risk Management (Office for futures and options research) (From the University of Minnesota) You can type in searches on many different topics, everything from futures and options, to crop and livestock economics, in order to search you will need to type in the following manner i.e.
  • . Financial Risk Management (Currencies, Bonds, etc.) Historical market research site, spreads, etc., some free, some subscription Provides information on international market of U.S.
  • . You may sustain a total loss of your initial margin funds and any additional funds that you deposit to establish or maintain a position in the commodities futures market.
  • . In addition, market conditions may be such that your account can incur a negative balance.

    The Politics behind the Soy Industry
  • . The program’s goal is to strengthen the position of soybeans in the marketplace and to maintain and expand domestic and foreign markets and uses for soybeans and soybean products.
  • . It is funded by a mandatory assessment of 0.5 of 1 percent of the net market price of soybeans.
  • . All producers marketing soybeans must pay the assessment.
  • . However, the memo also noted that the concerns we had raised had potential for 'mischief, especially in the media' and that 'soybeans are big business, especially in the United States and is a traded item on international commodity markets''. @CallCenter