the Longxing bagua tuishou
|From high to low: Mov. 1: DANHUAN ZHANG
Mov. 2: SHUANGHUAN ZHANG
|From high to low: movements 5, 9, 10 (pictures from a
booklet of mine)
The tuishou or "pushing hands" it is well known for how much it concerns the Taijiquan. It deals with absorbing and
ridirect the adversary's pushing without using rigid strength but ability of listening and neutralization. Less known it is the Tuishou of the Baguazhang. In the Gym of Lucca
I teach both Tuishou that "tuisan", that is a tuishou where we reach the fighting not limiting us
only to the pushing.
The flower of the school was is the" Eight Diagrams Dragon form
pushing-hands" (Longxing bagua tuishou). It is, in effects, a
two-man form (duilian) created by Fu Zhensong that however mainly centers on
going along the circle, on absorbing the pushes, rotating and winding
around the adversary. The result is exceptional.
This two-man form includes the use of principles both of the taiji and of the Bagua: From the taiji
tingjin originates "hearing energy"(hearing by contact of the other person, of its movement and of its intentions) and also the fact not to use strength against
strength. It is emphasized in fact the principle "si liang hua qian jin
", that is "four liangs (four ounces) deflect a thousand jins (five hundred kg) ". From the Bagua the whole rest originates: To turn in circle or in
smaller circles continually; to turn and to entwine with movement coming from the life; rapid and penetrating changes of technique. In general the movement should be whirling and serpentine as that of a Dragon.
From which the name.
Liang Qiaya, also him a teacher of the Fu school ,says that, practising this form,
we can learn the principles of the baguazhang fighting. These principles are (SeeT'ai
chi magazine, 26/1, 2002, p.46):
1) Use motion to overcome stillness
2) Avoid the front/square and attack from the slant
3) Use one's front/square to control the opponent slant
In the 1992 Fu Meilan gave me the book written by her father Fu Yonghui, "Longxing baguazhang" (Lingnan Meishu chubanshe, 1987) that
also contains the sketches of Longxing bagua tuishou. These sketches are drawn by photo that
show Fu Zhensong and Fu Yonghui. Here I give an example of it.
The techniques used in Longxing bagua tuishou according to the book of Fu Yonghui
are: tui, tuo, dai, ling, ban, lan, jie, kou, ning, fan, zou (to go around the
circle),zhuan, chan (to twist or to wrap ), chuan (to penetrate), guo, zuan. It
is inclusive also of Danhuanzhang (single change of palm) and Shuanghuan zhang
(double change of palm), Tuibeizhang (palm that pushes the back), Baishe chanyao zhang (palm of the White Snake that winds
around), the technique lyu (to throw down) of the Taijiquan, xibei banlan shi that is an attack of surprise to the shoulders and other
bagua movements . At the end of his introduction to this type of Tuishou, Fu
(These techniques) can be used frontally
or sideways but to attach of surprise
the back of the adversary
it is the principal characteristic
of the techniques of fighting of
Longxing bagua tuishou.
An effective synthesis of the characteristics of the Baguazhang!
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